Michigan Checklist

Updated 23 August 2017.

Bolded species are those reviewed by the committee regardless of location and season.

Status Definitions (adopted December 2012)
Regular: Species that have been recorded in at least nine of the last 10 years, or have over 30 records over the last 10 years.
Casual: Species that have been recorded more than three times, but 30 or fewer times, in the last 10 years, and were recorded in fewer than nine of the last 10 years.
Accidental: Species that have been recorded three or fewer times in the last 10 years.

The following checklist is consistent with the AOU Check-list of North American Birds (7th ed.) and its supplements.

450 species total (includes one extinct, one probably extinct, and one extirpated species).

Downloadable version (.xls)


Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna autumnalis [Casual]
Fulvous Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna bicolor [Accidental]
Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens
Ross’s Goose, Chen rossii
Greater White-fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
Brant, Branta bernicla [Casual]
Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
Trumpeter Swan, Cygnus buccinator
Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
Garganey, Anas querquedula [Accidental]
Blue-winged Teal, Anas discors
Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera [Casual]
Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata
Gadwall, Anas strepera
Eurasian Wigeon, Anas penelope [Casual]
American Wigeon, Anas americana
Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
American Black Duck, Anas rubripes
Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
Green-winged Teal, Anas crecca
Canvasback, Aythya valisineria
Redhead, Aythya americana
Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris
Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula [Accidental]
Greater Scaup, Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis
King Eider, Somateria spectabilis [Casual]
Common Eider, Somateria mollissima [Accidental]
Harlequin Duck, Histrionicus histrionicus
Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata
White-winged Scoter, Melanitta fusca
Black Scoter, Melanitta americana
Long-tailed Duck, Clangula hyemalis
Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
Barrow’s Goldeneye, Bucephala islandica [Casual]
Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser, Mergus serrator
Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis


Northern Bobwhite, Colinus virginianus

Ring-necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus
Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus
Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis
Sharp-tailed Grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus
Greater Prairie-Chicken, Tympanuchus cupido [Extirpated, last recorded 1981]
Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo


Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
Horned Grebe, Podiceps auritus
Red-necked Grebe, Podiceps grisegena
Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis [Casual]


Rock Pigeon, Columba livia
Band-tailed Pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata [Accidental]
Eurasian Collared-Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
Passenger Pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius [Extinct, last record 1898]
Inca Dove, Columbina inca [Accidental]
Common Ground-Dove, Columbina passerina [Casual]
White-winged Dove, Zenaida asiatica
Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura


Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus
Black-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Groove-billed Ani, Crotophaga sulcirostris [Accidental]


Common Nighthawk, Chordeiles minor
Chuck-will’s-widow, Antrostomus carolinensis
Eastern Whip-poor-will, Antrostomus vociferus


White-collared Swift, Streptoprocne zonaris [Accidental, sight record only]
Chimney Swift, Chaetura pelagica
White-throated Swift, Aeronautes saxatalis [Accidental]

Mexican Violetear, Colibri thalassinus [Casual]
Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris
Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna [Accidental]
Costa’s Hummingbird, Calypte costae [Accidental]
Rufous Hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
Broad-billed Hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris [Accidental]
Berylline Hummingbird, Amazilia beryllina [Accidental]
White-eared Hummingbird, Hylocharis leucotis [Accidental]


Yellow Rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis
Black Rail, Laterallus jamaicensis [Accidental]
King Rail, Rallus elegans [Casual]
Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola
Sora, Porzana carolina
Purple Gallinule, Porphyrio martinicus [Casual]
Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
American Coot, Fulica americana

Sandhill Crane, Antigone canadensis


Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus [Casual]
American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana

Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola
American Golden-Plover, Pluvialis dominica
Snowy Plover, Charadrius nivosus [Accidental]
Wilson’s Plover, Charadrius wilsonia [Accidental]
Semipalmated Plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
Piping Plover, Charadrius melodus
Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus

Upland Sandpiper, Bartramia longicauda
Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
Eskimo Curlew, Numenius borealis [Accidental, last recorded 1879, probably extinct]
Long-billed Curlew, Numenius americanus [Accidental]
Hudsonian Godwit, Limosa haemastica
Marbled Godwit, Limosa fedoa
Ruddy Turnstone, Arenaria interpres
Red Knot, Calidris canutus
Ruff, Philomachus pugnax [Casual]
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminata [Accidental]
Stilt Sandpiper, Calidris himantopus
Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea [Accidental]
Sanderling, Calidris alba
Dunlin, Calidris alpina
Purple Sandpiper, Calidris maritima
Baird’s Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
White-rumped Sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Tryngites subruficollis
Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla
Western Sandpiper, Calidris mauri [Casual]
Short-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
American Woodcock, Scolopax minor
Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata
Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria
Wandering/Gray-tailed Tattler, Tringa incana/brevipes [Accidental]
Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
Willet, Tringa semipalmata
Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus [Accidental, sight record only]
Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
Wilson’s Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor
Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus
Red Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius

Pomarine Jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus [Casual]
Parasitic Jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed Jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus [Casual]

Dovekie, Alle alle [Accidental]
Thick-billed Murre, Uria lomvia [Accidental]
Ancient Murrelet, Synthliboramphus antiquus [Casual]

Black-legged Kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla
Ivory Gull, Pagophila eburnea [Accidental]
Sabine’s Gull, Xema sabini
Bonaparte’s Gull, Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed Gull, Chroicocephalus ridibundus [Casual]
Little Gull, Hydrocoloeus minutus
Ross’s Gull, Rhodostethia rosea [Accidental]
Laughing Gull, Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin’s Gull, Leucophaeus pipixcan
Heermann’s Gull, Larus heermanni [Accidental]
Mew Gull, Larus canus [Accidental]
Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
California Gull, Larus californicus [Casual]
Herring Gull, Larus argentatus
Iceland Gull, Larus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus
Slaty-backed Gull, Larus schistisagus [Casual]
Glaucous-winged Gull, Larus glaucescens [Accidental]
Glaucous Gull, Larus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed Gull, Larus marinus
Least Tern, Sternula antillarum [Accidental]
Gull-billed Tern, Gelochelidon nilotica [Accidental]
Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia
Black Tern, Chlidonias niger
Roseate Tern, Sterna dougallii [Accidental, sight record only]
Common Tern, Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern, Sterna paradisaea [Casual]
Forster’s Tern, Sterna forsteri
Royal Tern, Thalasseus maximus [Accidental]
Sandwich Tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis [Accidental, sight record only]


Red-throated Loon, Gavia stellata
Pacific Loon, Gavia pacifica
Common Loon, Gavia immer
Yellow-billed Loon, Gavia adamsii [Accidental]


Great Shearwater, Ardenna gravis [Accidental]
Manx Shearwater, Puffinus puffinus [Accidental]


Wood Stork, Mycteria americana [Accidental]


Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens [Casual]
Lesser Frigatebird, Fregata ariel [Accidental]

Northern Gannet, Morus bassanus [Accidental]

Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus [Accidental]
Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus

Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga [Accidental]


American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown Pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis [Accidental]

American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
Least Bittern, Ixobrychus exilis
Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
Great Egret, Ardea alba
Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea [Casual]
Tricolored Heron, Egretta tricolor [Casual]
Reddish Egret, Egretta rufescens [Accidental, sight record only]
Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
Green Heron, Butorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Nyctanassa violacea [Casual]

White Ibis, Eudocimus albus [Accidental]
Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus [Casual]
White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi


Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura


Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus [Casual]
Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis [Casual]
Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus
Cooper’s Hawk, Accipiter cooperii
Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus
Short-tailed Hawk, Buteo brachyurus [Accidental]
Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
Rough-legged Hawk, Buteo lagopus
Ferruginous Hawk, Buteo regalis [Accidental]
Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos


Barn Owl, Tyto alba [Casual]

Eastern Screech-Owl, Megascops asio
Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
Snowy Owl, Bubo scandiacus
Northern Hawk Owl, Surnia ulula
Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia [Accidental]
Barred Owl, Strix varia
Great Gray Owl, Strix nebulosa
Long-eared Owl, Asio otus
Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus
Boreal Owl, Aegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet Owl, Aegolius acadicus


Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon


Lewis’s Woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis [Accidental]
Red-headed Woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Melanerpes aurifrons [Accidental]
Red-bellied Woodpecker, Melanerpes carolinus
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus varius
Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
Hairy Woodpecker, Picoides villosus
American Three-toed Woodpecker, Picoides dorsalis [Casual]
Black-backed Woodpecker, Picoides arcticus
Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
Pileated Woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus


Crested Caracara, Caracara cheriway [Accidental]
American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
Merlin, Falco columbarius
Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus
Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus
Prairie Falcon, Falco mexicanus [Accidental]


Olive-sided Flycatcher, Contopus cooperi
Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Empidonax flaviventris
Acadian Flycatcher, Empidonax virescens
Alder Flycatcher, Empidonax alnorum
Willow Flycatcher, Empidonax traillii
Least Flycatcher, Empidonax minimus
Hammond’s Flycatcher, Empidonax hammondii [Accidental]
Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe
Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya [Casual]
Vermilion Flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus [Accidental]
Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens [Accidental]
Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus
Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus [Accidental]
Couch’s Kingbird, Tyrannus couchii [Accidental]
Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
Eastern Kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus
>Gray Kingbird, Tyrannus dominicensis [Accidental]
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, Tyrannus forficatus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Tyrannus savana [Accidental]

Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
Northern Shrike, Lanius excubitor

Black-capped Vireo, Vireo atricapilla [Accidental, sight record only]
White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
Bell’s Vireo, Vireo bellii [Accidental]
Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
Blue-headed Vireo, Vireo solitarius
Plumbeous Vireo, Vireo plumbeus [Accidental]
Philadelphia Vireo, Vireo philadelphicus
Warbling Vireo, Vireo gilvus
Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus

Gray Jay, Perisoreus canadensis
Blue Jay, Cyanocitta cristata
Clark’s Nutcracker, Nucifraga columbiana [Accidental]
Black-billed Magpie, Pica hudsonia [Casual]
American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
Fish Crow, Corvus ossifragus [Casual]
Common Raven, Corvus corax

Horned Lark, Eremophila alpestris

Purple Martin, Progne subis
Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
Violet-green Swallow, Tachycineta thalassina [Accidental]
Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Bank Swallow, Riparia riparia
Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave Swallow, Petrochelidon fulva [Casual]
Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica

Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis [Accidental]
Black-capped Chickadee, Poecile atricapillus
Boreal Chickadee, Poecile hudsonicus
Tufted Titmouse, Baeolophus bicolor

Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
White-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis

Brown Creeper, Certhia americana

Rock Wren, Salpinctes obsoletus [Accidental]
House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
Winter Wren, Troglodytes hiemalis
Sedge Wren, Cistothorus platensis
Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
Carolina Wren, Thryothorus ludovicianus
Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii [Accidental]

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

Golden-crowned Kinglet, Regulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Regulus calendula

Northern Wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe [Accidental]

Eastern Bluebird, Sialia sialis
Mountain Bluebird, Sialia currucoides [Casual]
Townsend’s Solitaire, Myadestes townsendi
Veery, Catharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked Thrush, Catharus minimus
Swainson’s Thrush, Catharus ustulatus
Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
Wood Thrush, Hylocichla mustelina
American Robin, Turdus migratorius
Varied Thrush, Ixoreus naevius

Gray Catbird, Dumetella carolinensis
Brown Thrasher, Toxostoma rufum
Sage Thrasher, Oreoscoptes montanus [Accidental]
Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos

European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris

Bohemian Waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus
Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum

House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus [Casual]

White Wagtail, Motacilla alba [Accidental]
American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
Sprague’s Pipit, Anthus spragueii [Accidental]

Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla [Accidental]
Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus
Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator
Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis [Accidental]
House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
Purple Finch, Haemorhous purpureus
Common Redpoll, Acanthis flammea
Hoary Redpoll, Acanthis hornemanni
Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
White-winged Crossbill, Loxia leucoptera
Pine Siskin, Spinus pinus
American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis

Lapland Longspur, Calcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared Longspur, Calcarius ornatus [Accidental]
Smith’s Longspur, Calcarius pictus [Casual]
McCown’s Longspur, Rhynchophanes mccownii [Accidental]
Snow Bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis

Green-tailed Towhee, Pipilo chlorurus [Casual]
Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus [Casual]
Eastern Towhee, Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Cassin’s Sparrow, Peucaea cassinii [Accidental]
Bachman’s Sparrow, Peucaea aestivalis [Accidental]
American Tree Sparrow, Spizelloides arborea
Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
Clay-colored Sparrow, Spizella pallida
Brewer’s Sparrow, Spizella breweri [Accidental]
Field Sparrow, Spizella pusilla
Vesper Sparrow, Pooecetes gramineus
Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
Black-throated Sparrow, Amphispiza bilineata [Accidental]
Sagebrush Sparrow, Artemisiospiza nevadensis [Accidental]
Lark Bunting, Calamospiza melanocorys [Casual]
Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper Sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum
Henslow’s Sparrow, Ammodramus henslowii
Le Conte’s Sparrow, Ammodramus leconteii
Nelson’s Sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni
Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca
Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
Swamp Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana
White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
Harris’s Sparrow, Zonotrichia querula
White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla [Casual]
Dark-eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis

Yellow-breasted Chat, Icteria virens

Yellow-headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern Meadowlark, Sturnella magna
Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
Orchard Oriole, Icterus spurius
Hooded Oriole, Icterus cucullatus [Accidental]
Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii [Accidental]
Baltimore Oriole, Icterus galbula
Red-winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater
Rusty Blackbird, Euphagus carolinus
Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
Common Grackle, Quiscalus quiscula
Boat-tailed/Great-tailed Grackle, Quiscalus major/mexicanus [Accidental, sight records only]

Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating Warbler, Helmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana Waterthrush, Parkesia motacilla
Northern Waterthrush, Parkesia noveboracensis
Golden-winged Warbler, Vermivora chrysoptera
Blue-winged Warbler, Vermivora cyanoptera
Black-and-white Warbler, Mniotilta varia
Prothonotary Warbler, Protonotaria citrea
Swainson’s Warbler, Limnothlypis swainsonii [Accidental]
Tennessee Warbler, Oreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned Warbler, Oreothlypis celata
Lucy’s Warbler, Oreothlypis luciae [Accidental]
Nashville Warbler, Oreothlypis ruficapilla
Virginia’s Warbler, Oreothlypis virginiae [Accidental]
Connecticut Warbler, Oporornis agilis
Mourning Warbler, Geothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky Warbler, Geothlypis formosa
Common Yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas
Hooded Warbler, Setophaga citrina
American Redstart, Setophaga ruticilla
Kirtland’s Warbler, Setophaga kirtlandii
Cape May Warbler, Setophaga tigrina
Cerulean Warbler, Setophaga cerulea
Northern Parula, Setophaga americana
Magnolia Warbler, Setophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted Warbler, Setophaga castanea
Blackburnian Warbler, Setophaga fusca
Yellow Warbler, Setophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler, Setophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll Warbler, Setophaga striata
Black-throated Blue Warbler, Setophaga caerulescens
Palm Warbler, Setophaga palmarum
Pine Warbler, Setophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata
Yellow-throated Warbler, Setophaga dominica
Prairie Warbler, Setophaga discolor
Black-throated Gray Warbler, Setophaga nigrescens [Casual]
Townsend’s Warbler, Setophaga townsendi [Accidental, sight record only]
Black-throated Green Warbler, Setophaga virens
Canada Warbler, Cardellina canadensis
Wilson’s Warbler, Cardellina pusilla
Painted Redstart, Myioborus pictus [Accidental]

Hepatic Tanager, Piranga flava [Accidental]
Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra
Scarlet Tanager, Piranga olivacea
Western Tanager, Piranga ludoviciana [Casual]
Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus [Accidental]
Blue Grosbeak, Passerina caerulea [Casual]
Lazuli Bunting, Passerina amoena [Accidental]
Indigo Bunting, Passerina cyanea
Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris
Dickcissel, Spiza americana