Michigan Checklist

Bolded species are those reviewed by the committee regardless of location and season.

Status Definitions (adopted December 2012):

  • Regular: Species that have been recorded in at least nine of the last 10 years, or have over 30 records over the last 10 years.
  • Casual: Species that have been recorded more than three times, but 30 or fewer times, in the last 10 years, and were recorded in fewer than nine of the last 10 years.
  • Accidental: Species that have been recorded three or fewer times in the last 10 years.

The following checklist is consistent with the AOU Check-list of North American Birds (7th ed.) and its supplements.

454 species total (includes one extinct, one probably extinct, and two extirpated species).

Downloadable version (.xls)



Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna autumnalis [Casual]
Fulvous Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna bicolor [Accidental]
Snow Goose, Anser caerulescens
Ross’s Goose, Anser rossii
Greater White-fronted Goose, Anser albifrons
Brant, Branta bernicla [Casual]
Cackling Goose, Branta hutchinsii
Canada Goose, Branta canadensis
Mute Swan, Cygnus olor
Trumpeter Swan, Cygnus buccinator
Tundra Swan, Cygnus columbianus
Wood Duck, Aix sponsa
Garganey, Spatula querquedula [Accidental]
Blue-winged Teal, Spatula discors
Cinnamon Teal, Spatula cyanoptera [Accidental]
Northern Shoveler, Spatula clypeata
Gadwall, Mareca strepera
Eurasian Wigeon, Mareca penelope
American Wigeon, Mareca americana
Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
American Black Duck, Anas rubripes
Northern Pintail, Anas acuta
Green-winged Teal, Anas crecca
Canvasback, Aythya valisineria
Redhead, Aythya americana
Ring-necked Duck, Aythya collaris
Tufted Duck, Aythya fuligula [Accidental]
Greater Scaup, Aythya marila
Lesser Scaup, Aythya affinis
King Eider, Somateria spectabilis [Casual]
Common Eider, Somateria mollissima [Casual]
Harlequin Duck, Histrionicus histrionicus
Surf Scoter, Melanitta perspicillata
White-winged Scoter, Melanitta deglandi
Black Scoter, Melanitta americana
Long-tailed Duck, Clangula hyemalis
Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola
Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula
Barrow’s Goldeneye, Bucephala islandica
Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus
Common Merganser, Mergus merganser
Red-breasted Merganser, Mergus serrator
Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis


Northern Bobwhite, Colinus virginianus [Extirpated]

Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo
Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus
Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis
Sharp-tailed Grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus
Greater Prairie-Chicken, Tympanuchus cupido [Extirpated, last recorded 1981]
Ring-necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus


Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
Horned Grebe, Podiceps auritus
Red-necked Grebe, Podiceps grisegena
Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
Western Grebe, Aechmophorus occidentalis [Casual]


Rock Pigeon, Columba livia
Band-tailed Pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata [Accidental]
Eurasian Collared-Dove, Streptopelia decaocto
Passenger Pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius [Extinct, last record 1898]
Inca Dove, Columbina inca [Accidental]
Common Ground Dove, Columbina passerina [Casual]
White-winged Dove, Zenaida asiatica
Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura



Groove-billed Ani, Crotophaga sulcirostris [Accidental]
Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus americanus
Black-billed Cuckoo, Coccyzus erythropthalmus


Common Nighthawk, Chordeiles minor
Chuck-will’s-widow, Antrostomus carolinensis
Eastern Whip-poor-will, Antrostomus vociferus


White-collared Swift, Streptoprocne zonaris [Accidental, sight record only]
Chimney Swift, Chaetura pelagica
White-throated Swift, Aeronautes saxatalis [Accidental]

Mexican Violetear, Colibri thalassinus [Casual]
Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris
Anna’s Hummingbird, Calypte anna [Accidental]
Costa’s Hummingbird, Calypte costae [Accidental]
Rufous Hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
Broad-billed Hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris [Accidental]
White-eared Hummingbird, Hylocharis leucotis [Accidental]
Berylline Hummingbird, Amazilia beryllina [Accidental]


King Rail, Rallus elegans [Casual]
Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola
Sora, Porzana carolina
Black Rail, Laterallus jamaicensis [Accidental]
Common Gallinule, Gallinula galeata
American Coot, Fulica americana
Purple Gallinule, Porphyrio martinicus [Casual]
Yellow Rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis

Sandhill Crane, Antigone canadensis


Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana

Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola
American Golden-Plover, Pluvialis dominica
Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
Semipalmated Plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
Piping Plover, Charadrius melodus
Wilson’s Plover, Charadrius wilsonia [Accidental]
Snowy Plover, Charadrius nivosus [Accidental]

Upland Sandpiper, Bartramia longicauda
Whimbrel, Numenius phaeopus
Eskimo Curlew, Numenius borealis [Accidental, last recorded 1879, probably extinct]
Long-billed Curlew, Numenius americanus [Accidental]
Hudsonian Godwit, Limosa haemastica
Marbled Godwit, Limosa fedoa
Ruddy Turnstone, Arenaria interpres
Red Knot, Calidris canutus
Ruff, Calidris pugnax [Casual]
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminata [Accidental]
Stilt Sandpiper, Calidris himantopus
Curlew Sandpiper, Calidris ferruginea [Accidental]
Sanderling, Calidris alba
Dunlin, Calidris alpina
Purple Sandpiper, Calidris maritima
Baird’s Sandpiper, Calidris bairdii
Least Sandpiper, Calidris minutilla
White-rumped Sandpiper, Calidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted Sandpiper, Calidris subruficollis
Pectoral Sandpiper, Calidris melanotos
Semipalmated Sandpiper, Calidris pusilla
Western Sandpiper, Calidris mauri
Short-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus griseus
Long-billed Dowitcher, Limnodromus scolopaceus
American Woodcock, Scolopax minor
Wilson’s Snipe, Gallinago delicata
Spotted Sandpiper, Actitis macularius
Solitary Sandpiper, Tringa solitaria
Gray-tailed/Wandering Tattler, Tringa brevipes/incana [Accidental]
Lesser Yellowlegs, Tringa flavipes
Willet, Tringa semipalmata
Spotted Redshank, Tringa erythropus [Accidental]
Greater Yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca
Wilson’s Phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor
Red-necked Phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus
Red Phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius

Pomarine Jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus [Casual]
Parasitic Jaeger, Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed Jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus [Casual]

Dovekie, Alle alle [Accidental]
Thick-billed Murre, Uria lomvia [Accidental]
Ancient Murrelet, Synthliboramphus antiquus [Casual]

Black-legged Kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla
Ivory Gull, Pagophila eburnea [Accidental]
Sabine’s Gull, Xema sabini
Bonaparte’s Gull, Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed Gull, Chroicocephalus ridibundus [Casual]
Little Gull, Hydrocoloeus minutus
Ross’s Gull, Rhodostethia rosea [Accidental]
Laughing Gull, Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin’s Gull, Leucophaeus pipixcan
Heermann’s Gull, Larus heermanni [Accidental]
Short-billed Gull, Larus brachyrhynchus [Accidental]
Ring-billed Gull, Larus delawarensis
California Gull, Larus californicus
Herring Gull, Larus argentatus
Iceland Gull, Larus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed Gull, Larus fuscus
Slaty-backed Gull, Larus schistisagus [Casual]
Glaucous-winged Gull, Larus glaucescens [Accidental]
Glaucous Gull, Larus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed Gull, Larus marinus
Least Tern, Sternula antillarum [Accidental]
Gull-billed Tern, Gelochelidon nilotica [Accidental]
Caspian Tern, Hydroprogne caspia
Black Tern, Chlidonias niger
Roseate Tern, Sterna dougallii [Accidental, sight record only]
Common Tern, Sterna hirundo
Arctic Tern, Sterna paradisaea [Casual]
Forster’s Tern, Sterna forsteri
Royal Tern, Thalasseus maximus [Accidental]
Sandwich Tern, Thalasseus sandvicensis [Accidental, sight record only]
Black Skimmer, Rynchops niger [Accidental]


Red-throated Loon, Gavia stellata
Pacific Loon, Gavia pacifica
Common Loon, Gavia immer
Yellow-billed Loon, Gavia adamsii [Accidental]


Great Shearwater, Ardenna gravis [Accidental]
Manx Shearwater, Puffinus puffinus [Accidental]


Wood Stork, Mycteria americana [Casual]



Lesser Frigatebird, Fregata ariel [Accidental]
Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens [Accidental]

Northern Gannet, Morus bassanus [Accidental]

Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga [Accidental]

Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus
Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus [Casual]


American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown Pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis [Accidental]

American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
Least Bittern, Ixobrychus exilis
Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
Great Egret, Ardea alba
Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea [Casual]
Tricolored Heron, Egretta tricolor [Casual]
Reddish Egret, Egretta rufescens [Accidental, sight record only]
Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
Green Heron, Butorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Nyctanassa violacea

White Ibis, Eudocimus albus [Accidental]
Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
Roseate Spoonbill, Platalea ajaja, [Accidental]


Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus
Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura


Osprey, Pandion haliaetus

Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus [Casual]
Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos
Northern Harrier, Circus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus
Cooper’s Hawk, Accipiter cooperii
Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis [Casual]
Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus
Short-tailed Hawk, Buteo brachyurus [Accidental]
Swainson’s Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
Rough-legged Hawk, Buteo lagopus
Ferruginous Hawk, Buteo regalis [Accidental]


Barn Owl, Tyto alba [Casual]

Eastern Screech-Owl, Megascops asio
Great Horned Owl, Bubo virginianus
Snowy Owl, Bubo scandiacus
Northern Hawk Owl, Surnia ulula
Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia [Accidental]
Barred Owl, Strix varia
Great Gray Owl, Strix nebulosa
Long-eared Owl, Asio otus
Short-eared Owl, Asio flammeus
Boreal Owl, Aegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet Owl, Aegolius acadicus


Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon


Lewis’s Woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis [Accidental]
Red-headed Woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Golden-fronted Woodpecker, Melanerpes aurifrons [Accidental]
Red-bellied Woodpecker, Melanerpes carolinus
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Sphyrapicus varius
American Three-toed Woodpecker, Picoides dorsalis [Accidental]
Black-backed Woodpecker, Picoides arcticus
Downy Woodpecker, Dryobates pubescens
Hairy Woodpecker, Dryobates villosus
Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus
Pileated Woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus


Crested Caracara, Caracara cheriway [Accidental]
American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
Merlin, Falco columbarius
Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus
Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus
Prairie Falcon, Falco mexicanus [Accidental]



Ash-throated Flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens [Casual]
Great Crested Flycatcher, Myiarchus crinitus
Tropical Kingbird, Tyrannus melancholicus [Accidental]
Couch’s Kingbird, Tyrannus couchii [Accidental]
Western Kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis
Eastern Kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus
Gray Kingbird, Tyrannus dominicensis [Accidental]
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher, Tyrannus forficatus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Tyrannus savana [Casual]
Olive-sided Flycatcher, Contopus cooperi
Eastern Wood-Pewee, Contopus virens
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Empidonax flaviventris
Acadian Flycatcher, Empidonax virescens
Alder Flycatcher, Empidonax alnorum
Willow Flycatcher, Empidonax traillii
Least Flycatcher, Empidonax minimus
Hammond’s Flycatcher, Empidonax hammondii [Accidental]
Eastern Phoebe, Sayornis phoebe
Say’s Phoebe, Sayornis saya [Casual]
Vermilion Flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus [Casual]

Black-capped Vireo, Vireo atricapilla [Accidental, sight record only]
White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseus
Bell’s Vireo, Vireo bellii [Casual]
Yellow-throated Vireo, Vireo flavifrons
Blue-headed Vireo, Vireo solitarius
Plumbeous Vireo, Vireo plumbeus [Accidental]
Philadelphia Vireo, Vireo philadelphicus
Warbling Vireo, Vireo gilvus
Red-eyed Vireo, Vireo olivaceus

Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
Northern Shrike, Lanius borealis

Canada Jay, Perisoreus canadensis
Blue Jay, Cyanocitta cristata
Clark’s Nutcracker, Nucifraga columbiana [Accidental]
Black-billed Magpie, Pica hudsonia [Casual]
American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
Fish Crow, Corvus ossifragus
Common Raven, Corvus corax

Carolina Chickadee, Poecile carolinensis [Accidental]
Black-capped Chickadee, Poecile atricapillus
Boreal Chickadee, Poecile hudsonicus
Tufted Titmouse, Baeolophus bicolor

Horned Lark, Eremophila alpestris


Bank Swallow, Riparia riparia
Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
Violet-green Swallow, Tachycineta thalassina [Accidental]
Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple Martin, Progne subis
Barn Swallow, Hirundo rustica
Cliff Swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave Swallow, Petrochelidon fulva [Casual]

Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Corthylio calendula
Golden-crowned Kinglet, Regulus satrapa

Bohemian Waxwing, Bombycilla garrulus
Cedar Waxwing, Bombycilla cedrorum

Red-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
White-breasted Nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis

Brown Creeper, Certhia americana

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea

Rock Wren, Salpinctes obsoletus [Accidental]
House Wren, Troglodytes aedon
Winter Wren, Troglodytes hiemalis
Sedge Wren, Cistothorus platensis
Marsh Wren, Cistothorus palustris
Carolina Wren, Thryothorus ludovicianus
Bewick’s Wren, Thryomanes bewickii [Accidental]

Gray Catbird, Dumetella carolinensis
Brown Thrasher, Toxostoma rufum
Sage Thrasher, Oreoscoptes montanus [Casual]
Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos

European Starling, Sturnus vulgaris

Eastern Bluebird, Sialia sialis
Mountain Bluebird, Sialia currucoides [Casual]
Townsend’s Solitaire, Myadestes townsendi
Veery, Catharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked Thrush, Catharus minimus
Swainson’s Thrush, Catharus ustulatus
Hermit Thrush, Catharus guttatus
Wood Thrush, Hylocichla mustelina
American Robin, Turdus migratorius
Varied Thrush, Ixoreus naevius

Northern Wheatear, Oenanthe oenanthe [Accidental]

House Sparrow, Passer domesticus
Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus

White Wagtail, Motacilla alba [Accidental]
American Pipit, Anthus rubescens
Sprague’s Pipit, Anthus spragueii [Accidental]

Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla [Accidental]
Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus
Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator
Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis [Accidental]
House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
Purple Finch, Haemorhous purpureus
Cassin’s Finch, Haemorhous cassinii [Accidental]
Common Redpoll, Acanthis flammea
Hoary Redpoll, Acanthis hornemanni
Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra
White-winged Crossbill, Loxia leucoptera
Pine Siskin, Spinus pinus
American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis

Lapland Longspur, Calcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared Longspur, Calcarius ornatus [Accidental]
Smith’s Longspur, Calcarius pictus [Casual]
Thick-billed Longspur, Rhynchophanes mccownii [Accidental]
Snow Bunting, Plectrophenax nivalis


Cassin’s Sparrow, Peucaea cassinii [Accidental]
Bachman’s Sparrow, Peucaea aestivalis [Accidental]
Grasshopper Sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum
Black-throated Sparrow, Amphispiza bilineata [Accidental]
Lark Sparrow, Chondestes grammacus
Lark Bunting, Calamospiza melanocorys [Casual]
Chipping Sparrow, Spizella passerina
Clay-colored Sparrow, Spizella pallida
Field Sparrow, Spizella pusilla
Brewer’s Sparrow, Spizella breweri [Accidental]
Fox Sparrow, Passerella iliaca
American Tree Sparrow, Spizelloides arborea
Dark-eyed Junco, Junco hyemalis
White-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned Sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla [Casual]
Harris’s Sparrow, Zonotrichia querula
White-throated Sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis
Sagebrush Sparrow, Artemisiospiza nevadensis [Accidental]
Vesper Sparrow, Pooecetes gramineus
LeConte’s Sparrow, Ammospiza leconteii
Nelson’s Sparrow, Ammospiza nelsoni
Henslow’s Sparrow, Centronyx henslowii
Savannah Sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis
Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia
Lincoln’s Sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
Swamp Sparrow, Melospiza georgiana
Green-tailed Towhee, Pipilo chlorurus [Accidental]
Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus [Casual]
Eastern Towhee, Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Yellow-breasted Chat, Icteria virens

Yellow-headed Blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern Meadowlark, Sturnella magna
Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta
Orchard Oriole, Icterus spurius
Hooded Oriole, Icterus cucullatus [Accidental]
Bullock’s Oriole, Icterus bullockii [Accidental]
Baltimore Oriole, Icterus galbula
Red-winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
Shiny Cowbird, Molothrus bonariensis [Accidental]
Brown-headed Cowbird, Molothrus ater
Rusty Blackbird, Euphagus carolinus
Brewer’s Blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
Common Grackle, Quiscalus quiscula
Boat-tailed/Great-tailed Grackle, Quiscalus major/mexicanus [Accidental, sight records only]

Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating Warbler, Helmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana Waterthrush, Parkesia motacilla
Northern Waterthrush, Parkesia noveboracensis
Golden-winged Warbler, Vermivora chrysoptera
Blue-winged Warbler, Vermivora cyanoptera
Black-and-white Warbler, Mniotilta varia
Prothonotary Warbler, Protonotaria citrea
Swainson’s Warbler, Limnothlypis swainsonii [Accidental]
Tennessee Warbler, Leiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned Warbler, Leiothlypis celata
Lucy’s Warbler, Leiothlypis luciae [Accidental]
Nashville Warbler, Leiothlypis ruficapilla
Virginia’s Warbler, Leiothlypis virginiae [Accidental]
Connecticut Warbler, Oporornis agilis
Mourning Warbler, Geothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky Warbler, Geothlypis formosa
Common Yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas
Hooded Warbler, Setophaga citrina
American Redstart, Setophaga ruticilla
Kirtland’s Warbler, Setophaga kirtlandii
Cape May Warbler, Setophaga tigrina
Cerulean Warbler, Setophaga cerulea
Northern Parula, Setophaga americana
Magnolia Warbler, Setophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted Warbler, Setophaga castanea
Blackburnian Warbler, Setophaga fusca
Yellow Warbler, Setophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler, Setophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll Warbler, Setophaga striata
Black-throated Blue Warbler, Setophaga caerulescens
Palm Warbler, Setophaga palmarum
Pine Warbler, Setophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped Warbler, Setophaga coronata
Yellow-throated Warbler, Setophaga dominica
Prairie Warbler, Setophaga discolor
Black-throated Gray Warbler, Setophaga nigrescens [Casual]
Townsend’s Warbler, Setophaga townsendi [Accidental, sight record only]
Black-throated Green Warbler, Setophaga virens
Canada Warbler, Cardellina canadensis
Wilson’s Warbler, Cardellina pusilla
Painted Redstart, Myioborus pictus [Accidental]

Hepatic Tanager, Piranga flava [Accidental]
Summer Tanager, Piranga rubra
Scarlet Tanager, Piranga olivacea
Western Tanager, Piranga ludoviciana [Casual]
Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed Grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus [Accidental]
Blue Grosbeak, Passerina caerulea
Lazuli Bunting, Passerina amoena [Accidental]
Indigo Bunting, Passerina cyanea
Painted Bunting, Passerina ciris
Dickcissel, Spiza americana

Updated 11 July 2022 by Scott Terry.